Infectious Diseases of Poverty is an open access, peer-reviewed journal publishing topic areas and methods that address essential public health questions relating to infectious diseases of poverty. These include various aspects of the biology of pathogens and vectors, diagnosis and detection, treatment and case management, epidemiology and modeling, zoonotic hosts and animal reservoirs, control strategies and implementation, new technologies and application. Transdisciplinary or multisectoral effects on health systems, ecohealth, environmental management, and innovative technology are also considered.
- Xiao-Nong Zhou, National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, China CDC
Scoping ReviewIn 1980~2003, in vitro microtest and in vivo four-week test were used for surveillance of antimalarial drug resistance of P. falciparum. Based on the results, principles and therapeutic regimens for antimalarial drug use in China were formulated, and endemic areas of falciparum malaria have been gradually reducing, and malaria incidence had declined. Image: Determining the antimalarial drug resistance by in vitro microtest.
Scoping ReviewThe history of rabies dates back thousands of years. Historically, Avicenna was among those scientists who specifically discussed various aspects of this disease. This article reviews Avicenna¿s views on the rabies and compares them with modern medicine. Image: An imaginary miniature of Avicenna (980-1037 AD).
Scoping ReviewThis paper presents a historical assessment of morbidity due to schistosomiasis in China. Very high morbidity and considerably higher mortality were seen before 1949 and in the early phase of the national control program in the 1950s. Clinical presentations of different phases of schistosomiasis at different periods of time were addressed with many examples and images. Progress and some existing problems for schistosomiasis control in China are also discussed. Image: An advanced case of schistosomiasis with huge amount of ascites¿Fabdominal circle 125 cm and the volume of ascetic fluid, 1/3 of his body height.
Infectious Diseases of Povertythanks to all of the reviewers for the manuscripts for the journal in 2013.
Research ArticleThe manuscript describes the immunohaematologic and virologic responses of HIV-1 patients on antiretroviral therapy. The study demonstrated a favourable outcome of these responses as ART duration increased, with 76.8% of patients attaining virologic success at median ART duration of 28.5 months. Image: Variation of immunohaematologic and virologic responses with ART duration.
Scoping ReviewThe Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is highly co-endemic with both alveolar echinococcosis (AE) and cystic echinococcosis (CE). Deworming both owned and stray dogs should be a major measure for controlling echinococcosis; treatment of wild definitive hosts should also be considered for AE endemic areas. Image: A 3D ultrasound image of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.
CommentaryThe UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) recently released a technical report identifying joint research priorities that can advance the research agenda on environment, agriculture and infectious diseases of poverty. This paper reviews the report and highlight key messages for policy-makers, funders and researchers. Image: Joint research priorities for the environment, agriculture and infectious disease.
Each of the various strategies currently employed to face the burden of malaria and other vector-borne diseases in the tropics, is seriously inadequate. Despite enormous efforts, vaccines which represent the ideal weapon against these parasitic diseases are yet to be sufficiently developed and implemented. Chemotherapy and vector control are therefore the sole effective attempts to minimize the disease burden. Nowadays, both strategies are also highly challenged by the phenomenon of drug resistance, which affects virtually all drug regiments currently used. Image: Control of malaria and other vector-borne protozoan diseases.
Research ArticleThis study demonstrates that Weibo (the Chinese equivalent of Twitter) provides useful data for epidemiologists to quantify the online reactions of Chinese people towards the MERS-CoV outbreak in 2012 and the avian influenza A(H7N9) outbreak in China in 2013. We found that the reaction to the latter was two orders of magnitude stronger than that to the former. Image: The Logo of WeiboHealth website.
Lymphatic filariasis can be eliminated in a country, China is an example. Image: Elephantiasis in lower limbs and scrotum.
Research ArticleThis article describes the development and pilot testing of an educational cartoon video (The Magic Glasses) successfully preventing soil-transmitted helminth infections in Chinese schoolchildren. Image: Messages of the cartoon.
Research ArticleMass vaccination protects children from infectious diseases. However, the very practice could harm children by unwittingly infecting them HBV unless proper precautions are taken. Bitter lessons from Japan. Image: Children are infected HBV vertically from monthers and infect others horizontally through needle sharing.
Reviewer acknowledgements 2013
Published: 26 February 2014
Last updated: 3 March 2014
Historical Development of Medical Parasitology in China
Edited by: Dr Sen-Hai Yu, Prof Xiao-Nong Zhou
Published: 9 September 2013
Last updated: 24 February 2014
Professor Xiao-Nong Zhou is Director of the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases at the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, based in Shanghai, China. He graduated with a PhD in Biology from Copenhagen University, Denmark in 1994, following his MSc in Medical Parasitology from Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases. Professor Zhou returned to Jiangsu to work across the fields of ecology, population biology, epidemiology, and malacology, before moving to the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases in 2001, where he has worked as a Professor on the infectious diseases of poverty. After almost a decade of being Deputy Director at the institute, Professor Zhou was made Director in 2010.
- Influenza A(H7N9) virus gains neuraminidase inhibitor resistance without loss of in vivo virulence or transmissibility
- Therapeutic efficacy of potent neutralizing HIV-1-specific monoclonal antibodies in SHIV-infected rhesus monkeys
- A novel strategy to develop robust infectious hepatitis C virus cell culture system directly from a clinical isolate
- Clinical, virological, and histopathological manifestations of fatal human infections by avian influenza A(H7N9) virus
- Interhuman transmissibility of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: estimation of pandemic risk
- Comparative epidemiology of human infections with avian influenza A H7N9 and H5N1 viruses in China: a population-based study of laboratory-confirmed cases
The abstracts of the published articles will be translated into Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish supported by Translators Without Borders (TWB), as well as Chinese by the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, China CDC (NIPD).