Infectious Diseases of Poverty is an open access, peer-reviewed journal publishing topic areas and methods that address essential public health questions relating to infectious diseases of poverty. These include various aspects of the biology of pathogens and vectors, diagnosis and detection, treatment and case management, epidemiology and modeling, zoonotic hosts and animal reservoirs, control strategies and implementation, new technologies and application. Transdisciplinary or multisectoral effects on health systems, ecohealth, environmental management, and innovative technology are also considered.
- Xiao-Nong Zhou, National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, China CDC
Research ArticleA facility-based, cross-sectional study with an analytical component supplemented by a qualitative study was conducted in 2013 in 10 governmental hospitals and 25 health centers to assess factors influencing adherence to the Food by Prescription program (FBP) among adult HIV positive (HIV+) patients enrolled in nutritional programs in health facilities in Addis Ababa. Image: Ready-to-Use Supplementary Food.
Research ArticleMalaria transmission is determined by many socio-economical determinants in Assam, India. The influence of demographic factors, socio-economic status, knowledge, awareness and education on malaria occurrence was studied in malaria endemic area of Assam. Improving economic status of the people and increasing the number of health centres and awareness about malaria prevention measures in rural areas may help to reduce malaria incidences. Image: Villagers of the current study area in Assam, India.
Research ArticleThis study investigated infections of Babesia and Theileria species in both domestic and wild animals in Xinyang city and analyzed the distribution patterns of piroplasms infections in animals and assessed the potential threat to humans in central China. We report for the first time the detection of T. luwenshuni from small wild mammals in central China. Sequencing and phylogenetic analysis revealed that humans and animals in the region were at high risk of exposure to infections of Theileria species. Image: Sheep husbandry in the rural area of Xinyang city.
Scoping ReviewTo identify and prioritize strategic research on elimination of tropical diseases, current strategies and the NTD roadmap were reviewed and a priority research agenda within a "One Health-One World" frame of global health was developed, on the basis of the results from the "1st Forum on Surveillance Response System Leading to Tropical Diseases Elimination" convened in Shanghai in June 2012. Image: the open ceremony for the first forum on Surveillance Response System Leading to Tropical Diseases Elimination.
Research ArticleA cross-sectional study was carried out to investigate knowledge of, attitudes towards, and practice relating to schistosomiasis in two subtypes of a mountainous region of the People¿s Republic of China. Due to various dominating risk factors, different control strategies should be designed keeping in mind the two different subtypes, namely plateau basins and plateau canyons. Image: two subtype endemic areas of schistosomiasis in mountainous region.
Scoping ReviewASEAN-NDI is a regional innovation network composed of the ten ASEAN Member States. It was established to ensure that health technology development and the capacity of member states are appropriately maximized and managed according to the regional health needs. This paper summarizes the steps undertaken toward the establishment of ASEAN-NDI and the future plans to sustain the Network and successfully build collaborative innovation in ASEAN. Image: The ASEAN-NDI logo. The outer circles (blue) signify the 10 member states comprising the ASEAN region (map) bonded by the spirit of solidarity and cooperation (gray circle). The overall blue shade of the logo suggests peace, stability, and health security in ASEAN.
Research ArticleIn this cohort study, we tried to detect the impact of the socioeconomic status (SES) on the severity and outcome of CAP among Egyptian children. Our data demonstrated that a low maternal education level , unavailability of adequate medical care, a low family income, and parents? smoking habits were significant independent predictive risk factors for severe CAP among Egyptian children. Image: Egyptian children with a low SES, are more likely to die from severe CAP.
Research ArticlePichia guilliermondii-Wuchereria bancrofti co-infection was recorded in a large number of microfilaraemic patients living in a filarial endemic zone of India. The fungus was identified and characterized by PCR-based molecular technique. Image: Pichia guilliermondii-Wuchereria bancrofti co-infection in microfilaraemic patients.
Research ArticleA retrospective analysis of the dengue fever epidemic in the Pakistani city of Lahore in 2011 is carried out. The severity of the outbreak is estimated by calculating the basic reproductive number R0 for the epidemic. The estimate is found to be robust, across different transmission models considered by the authors. Image: Aedes aegypti, the disease carrying vector for Dengue Fever.
Research ArticleThis qualitative study explores the issue of street children in Pakistan, with a special focus on the etiology of the phenomenon. Diseases and poverty go hand in hand and this complex loop ensnares children as well, pushing them towards a life on the streets; exposing them to further illness and paucity of resources. The results discuss various aspects of the life of street children. Image: A street boy in Pakistan.
Scoping ReviewBy implementing comprehensive control measures, including treatment of patients for eliminating the source of infection and spraying insecticide in endemic villages to kill sandflies, VL transmission has been brought under control in this region by the early 1960s, and no new infected cases have been found since 1983, achieving the goal of eliminating VL. Image: Geographical distribution of VL in China (1950s).
Scoping ReviewThis historical review covers antimalarials developed in China, which include artemisinins and other synthetic drugs. The curative effects of these antimalarials and their combinations therapy in the treatment of falciparum malaria, including chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum infections, are especially discussed. In response to the global initiative of malaria eradication proposed by the UN Millennium Development Goals, the Chinese government has set a target to eliminate malaria by 2020. Image: To synthesize and research on new antimalarial drug.
EcoHealth and EIDs
- Dynamics between environmental change, development, and EIDs in Asia
Edited by: Prof Xiao-Nong Zhou, Delia Grace, Dr Fred Unger
Published: 7 May 2014
Last updated: 24 June 2014
Reviewer acknowledgements 2013
Published: 26 February 2014
Last updated: 31 March 2014
Call for papers
To address questions on how changes in the earth’s ecosystems affect human health, IDP is now calling for submissions to “Dynamics between environmental change, development, and EIDs in Asia”. The thematic series will be published in the second half year of 2014. APCs of the publications are sponsored by International Development Research Center (IDRC) and authors do not need to pay. For more details, please click here.
Professor Xiao-Nong Zhou is Director of the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases at the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, based in Shanghai, China. He graduated with a PhD in Biology from Copenhagen University, Denmark in 1994, following his MSc in Medical Parasitology from Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases. Professor Zhou returned to Jiangsu to work across the fields of ecology, population biology, epidemiology, and malacology, before moving to the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases in 2001, where he has worked as a Professor on the infectious diseases of poverty. After almost a decade of being Deputy Director at the institute, Professor Zhou was made Director in 2010.
- Whipworm genome and dual-species transcriptome analyses provide molecular insights into an intimate host-parasite interaction
- WHO applauds China for significant public health achievements including hepatitis B reduction and ongoing health sector reform
- Influenza A(H7N9) virus gains neuraminidase inhibitor resistance without loss of in vivo virulence or transmissibility
- Therapeutic efficacy of potent neutralizing HIV-1-specific monoclonal antibodies in SHIV-infected rhesus monkeys
- A novel strategy to develop robust infectious hepatitis C virus cell culture system directly from a clinical isolate
- Clinical, virological, and histopathological manifestations of fatal human infections by avian influenza A(H7N9) virus
- Interhuman transmissibility of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: estimation of pandemic risk
- Comparative epidemiology of human infections with avian influenza A H7N9 and H5N1 viruses in China: a population-based study of laboratory-confirmed cases
The abstracts of the published articles will be translated into Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish supported by Translators Without Borders (TWB), as well as Chinese by the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, China CDC (NIPD).