Infectious Diseases of Poverty is an open access, peer-reviewed journal publishing topic areas and methods that address essential public health questions relating to infectious diseases of poverty. These include various aspects of the biology of pathogens and vectors, diagnosis and detection, treatment and case management, epidemiology and modeling, zoonotic hosts and animal reservoirs, control strategies and implementation, new technologies and application. Transdisciplinary or multisectoral effects on health systems, ecohealth, environmental management, and innovative technology are also considered.
- Xiao-Nong Zhou, National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, China CDC
Letter to the EditorThe 2014 epidemic of the Ebola virus infection in West Africa has become a worldwide concern. Due to the nature of the disease, which has an extremely high mortality potential, this outbreak has received much attention from researchers and public health workers. The effective surveillance system is the issue to be discussed. Image: Ebola virus infection.
Research ArticleThis paper describes a survey about seeking treatment for young children with severe fever in two states of Nigeria. Feverish children from disadvantaged households were less likely to be taken to formal health facilities, where they would be more likely to receive effective antimalarial medication. Image: A mother is interviewed about seeking treatment for children with severe fever.
Research ArticleThe present study assessed the efficacy of praziquantel by comparing parasitological cure rates and the reduction in infection intensity in HIV-1 seronegative individuals infected with Schistosoma mansoni and HIV-1 seropositive individuals co-infected with S. mansoni, following treatment with a single oral dose of praziquantel. Image: Fishing activities increases the risk of S. mansoni transmission.
Research ArticleThe study aimed to determine sanitation management in small scale poultry slaughterhouses located in Northern Thailand. Using trans-disciplinary approaches, public health, regulation, socio-economics, and veterinary sciences have been involved. Subsequently, the feasible guideline for improving sanitation management in order to address food safety will be established. Image: Facilities and slaughtering processes of small scale poultry slaughterhouses in Northern Thailand.
Research ArticleThis study explores the sanitary conditions of home-slaughter pig slabs and wholesomeness of pigs slaughtered at such premises where routine meat inspection is lacking. The study recommends consideration and integration of home slaughter of pigs as a component of prevention and control programs. Image: Incision made into internal masseters of a pig in search of T. solium metacestodes during a post mortem inspection in home slaughter slabs.
Research ArticleBigna and colleagues demonstrated the importance of intergenerational sex interaction in the adherence to medical appointments in Cameroonian PMTCT program. Male caregivers favor the presence of boys; in contrast, female caregivers favor the presence of girls at HIV medical appointment. Other factors associated with non-adherence were lack of formal education and prolonged time to the next appointment. Image: Appointments in Cameroonian PMTCT program: role of the intergenerational sex interaction.
Scoping ReviewThis paper reviewed the progress and current challenges in the cross-strait control and research of parasitic infections based on three meetings on parasitological research in the last decade. The outcome of the 3rd Meeting of Cross-Strait Parasitological Research held in April 2013 was identifying the research priorities for parasitological research. Image: Poster of the 3rd Meeting of Cross-Strait Parasitological Research.
OpinionThis paper reviews currently available therapeutic agents that may be able to suppress the replication of the Ebola virus inside the host cells. Most of these therapeutic agents are directed against the non-mutable targets of the host. These non-mutable key steps inside the host may be novel targets for future therapeutic strategies against these rapidly mutating viruses. Image: The Ebola virus largely relies on host cell factors and physiological processes for its entry, replication, and egress.
Scoping ReviewDue to the lack of Ebola outbreak early warning alert, surveillance and response systems, the most deadly, complex and largest ever seen Ebola war has been devastating West African communities. There is a critical need for a more pragmatic and robust scientific approach to transform and re-orient the huge natural and human resource potentials towards achieving universal coverage and the 2015-2030 Millennium Developing Goals (MDGs) toward sustainable growth and development in the region. Image: A poster of fighting against Ebola.
Research ArticleCorporations increasingly contribute to health interventions, but without recognizing the interconnected nature of ecosocial, political and economic conditions, these interventions often occur in isolation and end with project closure. A human rights approach to corporate investment in infectious disease could ensure the effectiveness of interventions. Image: Challenges in nonholistic corporate charity: Industrial drums double as water tanks at an unsanitary borehole.
Research ArticleThis paper reports circulation of the low pathogenic avian influenza subtype H5N2 virus in ducks at a live bird market in Nigeria. Reversal to virulence of low pathogenic avian influenza is possible posing economic and public health threat. The importance of continuous monitoring of reservoir hosts and bridge species like the duck for evidence of influenza virus was emphasized. Image: Wild ducks with low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) and highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI).
EditorialThis paper illuminates the major gaps in frontline and airport Ebola control and containment, and provides structured opportunities for leaders, governments, academia, industry, and stakeholders to more robustly mobilize and combine resources. Image: Bushmeat seller such as bats, antelopes, porcupines and monkeys is a prized delicacy in much of West Africa countries but can also be a source of acquired Ebola immunity and outbreak, and worth anti-Ebola campaign.
Ebola outbreaks and community-based surveillance response systems
Edited by: Dr Tambo Ernest, Prof Xiao-Nong Zhou, George F Gao
Published: 5 August 2014
Last updated: 9 January 2015
Community-Based Interventions for the Prevention and Control of Infectious Diseases of Poverty
Edited by: Prof Xiao-Nong Zhou, Dr Johannes Sommerfeld
Published: 31 July 2014
Last updated: 1 August 2014
Professor Xiao-Nong Zhou is Director of the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases at the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, based in Shanghai, China. He graduated with a PhD in Biology from Copenhagen University, Denmark in 1994, following his MSc in Medical Parasitology from Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases. Professor Zhou returned to Jiangsu to work across the fields of ecology, population biology, epidemiology, and malacology, before moving to the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases in 2001, where he has worked as a Professor on the infectious diseases of poverty. After almost a decade of being Deputy Director at the institute, Professor Zhou was made Director in 2010.
- Whipworm genome and dual-species transcriptome analyses provide molecular insights into an intimate host-parasite interaction
The abstracts of the published articles will be translated into Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish supported by Translators Without Borders (TWB), as well as Chinese by the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, China CDC (NIPD).