Infectious Diseases of Poverty is an open access, peer-reviewed journal publishing topic areas and methods that address essential public health questions relating to infectious diseases of poverty. These include various aspects of the biology of pathogens and vectors, diagnosis and detection, treatment and case management, epidemiology and modeling, zoonotic hosts and animal reservoirs, control strategies and implementation, new technologies and application. Transdisciplinary or multisectoral effects on health systems, ecohealth, environmental management, and innovative technology are also considered.
- Xiao-Nong Zhou, National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, China CDC
Research ArticlePichia guilliermondii-Wuchereria bancrofti co-infection was recorded in a large number of microfilaraemic patients living in a filarial endemic zone of India. The fungus was identified and characterized by PCR-based molecular technique. Image: Pichia guilliermondii-Wuchereria bancrofti co-infection in microfilaraemic patients.
Research ArticleA retrospective analysis of the dengue fever epidemic in the Pakistani city of Lahore in 2011 is carried out. The severity of the outbreak is estimated by calculating the basic reproductive number R0 for the epidemic. The estimate is found to be robust, across different transmission models considered by the authors. Image: Aedes aegypti, the disease carrying vector for Dengue Fever.
Research ArticleThis qualitative study explores the issue of street children in Pakistan, with a special focus on the etiology of the phenomenon. Diseases and poverty go hand in hand and this complex loop ensnares children as well, pushing them towards a life on the streets; exposing them to further illness and paucity of resources. The results discuss various aspects of the life of street children. Image: A street boy in Pakistan.
Scoping ReviewBy implementing comprehensive control measures, including treatment of patients for eliminating the source of infection and spraying insecticide in endemic villages to kill sandflies, VL transmission has been brought under control in this region by the early 1960s, and no new infected cases have been found since 1983, achieving the goal of eliminating VL. Image: Geographical distribution of VL in China (1950s).
Scoping ReviewThis historical review covers antimalarials developed in China, which include artemisinins and other synthetic drugs. The curative effects of these antimalarials and their combinations therapy in the treatment of falciparum malaria, including chloroquine-resistant Plasmodium falciparum infections, are especially discussed. In response to the global initiative of malaria eradication proposed by the UN Millennium Development Goals, the Chinese government has set a target to eliminate malaria by 2020. Image: To synthesize and research on new antimalarial drug.
Scoping ReviewIn 1980~2003, in vitro microtest and in vivo four-week test were used for surveillance of antimalarial drug resistance of P. falciparum. Based on the results, principles and therapeutic regimens for antimalarial drug use in China were formulated, and endemic areas of falciparum malaria have been gradually reducing, and malaria incidence had declined. Image: Determining the antimalarial drug resistance by in vitro microtest.
Scoping ReviewThe history of rabies dates back thousands of years. Historically, Avicenna was among those scientists who specifically discussed various aspects of this disease. This article reviews Avicenna¿s views on the rabies and compares them with modern medicine. Image: An imaginary miniature of Avicenna (980-1037 AD).
Scoping ReviewThis paper presents a historical assessment of morbidity due to schistosomiasis in China. Very high morbidity and considerably higher mortality were seen before 1949 and in the early phase of the national control program in the 1950s. Clinical presentations of different phases of schistosomiasis at different periods of time were addressed with many examples and images. Progress and some existing problems for schistosomiasis control in China are also discussed. Image: An advanced case of schistosomiasis with huge amount of ascites: abdominal circle 125 cm and the volume of ascetic fluid, 1/3 of his body height.
Infectious Diseases of Povertythanks to all of the reviewers for the manuscripts for the journal in 2013.
Research ArticleThe manuscript describes the immunohaematologic and virologic responses of HIV-1 patients on antiretroviral therapy. The study demonstrated a favourable outcome of these responses as ART duration increased, with 76.8% of patients attaining virologic success at median ART duration of 28.5 months. Image: Variation of immunohaematologic and virologic responses with ART duration.
Scoping ReviewThe Qinghai-Tibet Plateau is highly co-endemic with both alveolar echinococcosis (AE) and cystic echinococcosis (CE). Deworming both owned and stray dogs should be a major measure for controlling echinococcosis; treatment of wild definitive hosts should also be considered for AE endemic areas. Image: A 3D ultrasound image of hepatic alveolar echinococcosis.
CommentaryThe UNICEF/UNDP/World Bank/WHO Special Programme for Research and Training in Tropical Diseases (TDR) recently released a technical report identifying joint research priorities that can advance the research agenda on environment, agriculture and infectious diseases of poverty. This paper reviews the report and highlight key messages for policy-makers, funders and researchers. Image: Joint research priorities for the environment, agriculture and infectious disease.
Call for papers
To address questions on how changes in the earth’s ecosystems affect human health, IDP is now calling for submissions to “Dynamics between environmental change, development, and EIDs in Southeast Asia and China”. The thematic series will be published in the second half year of 2014. APCs of the publications are sponsored by International Development Research Center (IDRC) and authors do not need to pay. For more details, please click here.
Professor Xiao-Nong Zhou is Director of the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases at the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, based in Shanghai, China. He graduated with a PhD in Biology from Copenhagen University, Denmark in 1994, following his MSc in Medical Parasitology from Jiangsu Institute of Parasitic Diseases. Professor Zhou returned to Jiangsu to work across the fields of ecology, population biology, epidemiology, and malacology, before moving to the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases in 2001, where he has worked as a Professor on the infectious diseases of poverty. After almost a decade of being Deputy Director at the institute, Professor Zhou was made Director in 2010.
- WHO applauds China for significant public health achievements including hepatitis B reduction and ongoing health sector reform
- Influenza A(H7N9) virus gains neuraminidase inhibitor resistance without loss of in vivo virulence or transmissibility
- Therapeutic efficacy of potent neutralizing HIV-1-specific monoclonal antibodies in SHIV-infected rhesus monkeys
- A novel strategy to develop robust infectious hepatitis C virus cell culture system directly from a clinical isolate
- Clinical, virological, and histopathological manifestations of fatal human infections by avian influenza A(H7N9) virus
- Interhuman transmissibility of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus: estimation of pandemic risk
- Comparative epidemiology of human infections with avian influenza A H7N9 and H5N1 viruses in China: a population-based study of laboratory-confirmed cases
The abstracts of the published articles will be translated into Arabic, French, Russian and Spanish supported by Translators Without Borders (TWB), as well as Chinese by the National Institute of Parasitic Diseases, China CDC (NIPD).